Dr. Sally Caird is Research Fellow in Design and Innovation at the Open University. As Principal Investigator on SmartDframe, Sally is developing interests in smart city project evaluation approaches and city system analytics, building on extensive research expertise in low carbon technology solutions and evaluation methodologies. Her research focuses on design, development, innovation, performance and diffusion of low carbon products, services and systems in the built environment. Her research projects include: ‘Household Ecological Footprint (EF)’; ‘People-centred eco-design’ covering energy efficiency and renewable systems; ‘Household microgeneration heat’; the Energy Saving Trust-led ‘Heat Pump Trial’; the EU FW7-funded 'Sustainable Surface Transport' Electric Vehicles infrastructure project; and the Jisc-funded SusTEACH project examining the role of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in low carbon designs for higher education teaching models. She has researched methods for assessing environmental impacts both of complex household systems (Household EF) and complex higher education service-systems (SusTEACH). Her work also includes widely used assessments for innovation and enterprise. Widely published in books and academic and professional journals, Dr Caird’s work has led to public-engagement with industry and citizens; and contributed evidence to UK government consultations on low carbon strategies.