Stephen Fairclough obtained his undergraduate degree in Psychology from University of Central Lancashire in 1985. He received his PhD from Loughborough University in 2000 where he worked as a Research Fellow at Human Sciences and Advanced Technology (HUSAT) Research Centre. He currently is a Professor of Psychophysiology in the School of Psychology at Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU). He has been involved in applied psychophysiological and neuroscientific research for over twenty-five years. His main areas of methodological expertise cover EEG, fNIRS and cardiovascular in both laboratory and field settings. He is a director on the Executive of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (European Chapter) and chief editor of the Neurotechnology section of Frontiers In Neurogonomics. He has co-edited two collections on physiological computing research and four journal special issues. He is currently one of the two General Chairs for the Neuroadaptive Technology Conference.