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Research Psychologist, NASA

Stephen M. Casner, Ph.D. is a research psychologist at NASA Ames Research Center. Combining ideas from human factors, psychology, and engineering, Steve has a special interest in peoples' intuitive understanding of everyday things such as cars, traffic environments, phones, consumer/industrial products, and their own abilities to use these things safety. Steve is the author of Careful: A User's Guide to Our Injury-Prone Minds. Aside from being a career research scientist, Steve is an experienced driver, motorcyclist, bicyclist, skateboarder, and airplane and helicopter pilot and instructor.


  • –present
    Research Psychologist , NASA


  • 1990 
    University of Pittsburgh, PhD, Intelligent Systems
  • 1987 
    University of Colorado, Boulder, MS, Computer Science
  • 1984 
    Millersville University, BS, Computer Science


  • 2019
    What Do We Tell the Drivers? Toward Minimum Driver Training Standards for Partially Automated Cars, Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making
  • 2017
    Careful: A User's Guide to Our Injury-Prone Minds, Riverhead Books
  • 2016
    The challenges of partially automated driving, Communications of the ACM
  • 2015
    Vigilance impossible: Diligence, distraction, and daydreaming all lead to failures in a practical monitoring task, Consciousness and Cognition
  • 2014
    Thoughts in Flight Automation Use and Pilots’ Task-Related and Task-Unrelated Thought, Human Factors
  • 2014
    The retention of manual flying skills in the automated cockpit, Human Factors
  • 2013
    The Effectiveness of Airline Pilot Training for Abnormal Events, Human Factors
  • 2013
    The Pilot's Guide to The Airline Cockpit, Aviation Supplies & Academics