Early diagnosis and treatment are key in the fight against HIV.
One of the main challenges remains that diagnostics and drugs for people suffering from advanced HIV aren't readily available. This group of people is vulnerable to deadly opportunistic infections.
Male involvement antenatal care helps with the uptake of services and retention in care of both the mother and her baby.
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Male involvement in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV is key for the uptake of services and retention in care. When men are involved, HIV exposed or infected children do better.
The COVID-19 new normal might be here for quite some time.
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As ready as you are to be done with COVID-19, it's not going anywhere soon. A historian of disease describes how once a pathogen emerges, it's usually here to stay.
Many factors influence how consistently women take their HIV medicine.
The use of antiretroviral therapy among pregnant and breastfeeding women in Zambia has increased but adherence is a problem.
Polio patient in an iron lung to help them breathe.
Public trust is key to a successful immunisation programme.
A laboratory technician processes samples for testing COVID-19 at the Rwanda Biomedical Center in Kigali.
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Pooled testing, or group testing, has been used to diagnose relatively rare conditions, such as infection in blood donors. It could be used for universal early infant diagnosis and viral load testing.
Adolescents need to be part of prevention interventions.
Underlying social and structural causes of behaviour - such as poverty and gender disparities - are often ignored. But these are potential drivers of HIV infection among young people.
AIDS activists lie down in protest in front of parliament in 2001 in Cape Town, South Africa.
Staging this conference in all time zones with fair distribution of prime-time events was no small feat. But the exchange of ideas, experiences and solutions remained a strong priority.
A woman carries a bucket of fresh water to an informal settlement in Khayelitsha,Cape Town.
COVID-19 has stretched South Africa's public health services to capacity. In response, the services have increased their capacity through innovation.
A healthcare worker in a protective suit is seen at a quarantine and isolation centre in Johannesburg, South Africa.
The redirection of resources to COVID-19 has enormous consequences for the provision of healthcare services for other diseases, in particular, HIV programmes.
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HIV activists in South Africa laid the foundation for relatively widespread citizen trust in science and expertise. Now government must capitalise on this and drive COVID-19 prevention campaigns.
A victim of the Aids pandemic is buried in Cape Town in 2004.
The British press ignored the millions of deaths from HIV/Aids in Africa for far too long.
A volunteer receives an injection from a medical worker during the country’s first human clinical trial for a potential vaccine against COVID-19 in Soweto, South Africa.
Felix Dlangamandla/Beeld/Gallo Images via Getty Images
In a pandemic like this one, the priority is to save lives. But without a vaccine, there's a limit in the tools available to save lives.
Korean health workers offer coronavirus testing in the Itaewon nightlife district of Seoul.
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South Korea's mass surveillance to curb the coronavirus pandemic uses technologies and techniques that are grounded in anti-LGBTQ discrimination.
South Africa moved into level three of a five-tier lockdown on June 1, 2020.
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Local participation and ownership of the response to COVID-19 is the only sustainable option.
The best-known example of a zoonotic pandemic is HIV/AIDS, which originated from chimpanzees.
Zoologists have known for decades that some of the most devastating viral infections originate from animals. Their data and research can be used in efforts to prevent pandemics.
Volunteers spray disinfectant in the Itaewon district of Seoul after a cluster of cases linked to its nightclubs.
Seoul has a bustling queer community, but LGBTQ+ people in South Korea face ongoing stigma.
Women wearing protective face masks walk in front of a colorful mural amid the coronavirus outbreak in Medan, North Sumatra.
A holistic, cultural and local approach to fighting the COVID-19 pandemic is needed in Indonesia.
A young school boy running past a mural in Soweto, South Africa.
Attempting to defeat these folk theories with science achieved little; the myth busters of the AIDS epidemic were talking past those they were trying to convince.
Sun, sea and social irresponsibility? Spring breakers in Florida.
Julio Cortez/AP Photo
Many teens and college students are continuing to hook up and attend gatherings. Peer pressure and the way younger minds interpret risk could be to blame.