Both drought and violence drove many Syrians out of their homes; even if the war ends, the continuing difficulty of farming will make it hard for them to return.
Almost 4 million Syrian refugees live in Turkey, which has taken noteworthy steps to integrate them into the country in the past five years. Will Turkey now try to force those refugees back to Syria?
In the aftermath of President Donald Trump's decision to withdraw US troops from Syria, Turkey may be sinking deeper in the Syrian conflict.
Will Syrian religious extremists migrate to the West as refugees in need – and then do harm? A team of researchers surveyed Syrian refugees in Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey to find out the answer.
The Syrian civil war has ended, but there are millions of Syrian refugees living in Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon. With danger from a hostile regime back in Syria, what will happen to them now?
Keeping the water and power on, managing sewers and collecting garbage will help communities shattered by the Syrian civil war rebuild – and keep out the Islamic State, says a former aid official.
For decades, international law did not allow one country to attack another that was using chemical weapons on its own people without UN approval. That’s changed, which means trouble for Syria.
The Syrian civil war may be coming to an end, but the suffering and uncertainty are far from over for its people.
Smear campaigns against humanitarian volunteers in war zones are nothing new.
Years of mediation by Russia have helped keep a direct Israeli-Iranian conflict off the agenda. But things have changed.
Despite all claims to secular egalitarianism, the Assad family's decades of rule have been brutally elitist.
The bombing in Syria is based on a flawed strategy – just as Operation Rolling Thunder was during the Vietnam War. But will world leaders learn the lessons of history?
Kurdish female fighters are on the front lines of conflicts in Turkey, Syria and Iraq, and they bring their particular brand of radical feminism with them.
From California's fires to the Rohingya, headlines can be overwhelming these days. But that doesn't mean we should neglect so-called 'silent crises,' which can quickly erupt into global disasters.
From Syria's civil war to women being traded as slaves on WhatsApp, this Global series brings together the past year's most-read conflict reporting, written by the world's top experts.
Too much emphasis on environmental stress overlooks the role of politics and economics.
For many centuries, Syrian society has included people of many faiths – Sunni and Shi'i Muslims, Christians and Druze. This past is important to know to understand the present.
A Russian media expert spent the weekend consuming Russian coverage of America's response to the chemical attacks in Syria.
Are Trump’s missile strikes against Syria constitutional? An expert on Congress and foreign policy provides a brief history of how the separation of war powers has blurred over time.
The use of chemical weapons will put even more pressure on fragile peace talks.