The data suggest that boys experience as much disadvantage as girls.
We must work to protect our children from Toxic Socialization, violent experiences in their lives that do lifelong damage.
Childhood adversity is linked to social and mental health problems later in life. New research suggests brains that aren't as good at recognizing rewards and responding to change may be to blame.
Childhood trauma impacts women's health and can be passed from parent to child. New research shows that when new mothers feel supported, the risk of pregnancy complications is reduced.
Childhood trauma from abuse, neglect and even divorce increases the risk for physical, mental and developmental problems. To prevent the poisonous consequences, safety and stability are essential.
Trauma can be passed down from generation to generation. What steps should adults take to try and break the cycle?
Poor experiences in childhood can have a lifelong effect on health. How can caregivers help prepare children to handle past and future trauma?
We've known for years that childhood trauma can have lifelong effects on our health. It's time for medicine and public health to start addressing the problem head-on.
The call to action to address childhood vulnerability in Africa must go far beyond the 17.8 million children infected and affected by HIV.