Large areas targeted for forest restoration in Africa are covered by savanna and grassland, which provide important ecosystem services that would be lost should they be converted to forests.
Tree planting projects that use non-native trees risk releasing more carbon back into the atmosphere, undermining efforts to fight climate change.
Although China's tree-planting efforts have increased carbon sequestration for climate mitigation and protected the soil from erosion, they have also led to drastic water shortages.
Planting any tree is more important than planting a particular tree when it comes to removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
Ecological literacy is needed to guide global tree planting initiatives to avoid damaging some ecosystems.
These technologies could turn into a powerful tool for fighting global warming, and they have the potential to address historical climate injustices.
Planting trees is a popular way for companies to clean up their image. Unfortunately, it may cause more problems than it solves.
China has successfully implemented afforestation to counter desertification. But, today, it faces another risk: its waters are declining.