There is very little evidence that commodity producing countries diversify their economies by adding value to their raw materials.
The downturn in the commodity boom will not automatically lead to diversification of Africa's economies. This can only be achieved through a focus on creating learning economies driven by innovation.
Ethiopians reading newspapers in the capital Addis Ababa. The country’s media is among the most repressed on the continent.
Press freedom has changed little in the past decade. If the African Union is to commit to the principles of democracy, it needs to do more to uphold freedom of expression and protects its journalists.
Former South African President Thabo Mbeki.
A central goal of Thabo Mbeki’s African Renaissance was the right of African people to determine their own future. But the country he governed struggled to embrace his pan-African vision.
Investment in science and innovation is needed to help build Africa.
Kate Holt/Africa Practice/Flickr
Successful economies are led by innovation and driven by knowledge. For Africa to advance, it needs to make more substantial investments in its research and development sector.
Heads of state at an African Union session in Addis Ababa. They have signed up to a plan that envisages strengthening institutions and governance.
If the governing ANC ignores the calls for Zuma's resignation,it may undermine South Africa's leadership on the continent. It creates the idea that he can undermine the constitution with impunity.
Robert Sobukwe developed the philosophy of African nationalism to even higher intellectual heights. The lesson for humanity was his ideological stand that there is only one race - the human race.
Rwandan president Paul Kagame has long benefited from the support of the US.
Paul Kagame, the President of Rwanda, has carefully orchestrated a constitutional reform that allows him to remain in power for the next 18 years.
Burundi’s president (centre) on a visit in 2014. He would do well to meet now for peace talks.
Ilyas A. Abukar/AMISOM Public Information
Fears over violence in the African nation bring its leader to a crossroads.
A maturing relationship. Chinese President Xi Jinping at the opening of the China-Africa summit in Johannesburg.
For the grand plans unveiled at the China-Africa summit to succeed, Africa will have to cooperate more extensively. The larger and more successful nations need to become sub-regional leaders.
Maintaining law and order in Burundi is proving increasingly difficult as the number of militias organised along ethnic lines increases.
The “quick fix” nature of the Arusha Peace Agreement seems to have come back to haunt Burundi. Ethnic protests threaten to tear the country apart, leading it to the path of a failed state.
China’s choice of South Africa to host the China-Africa summit underscores the special relationship between the two countries.
The Africa-China summit will provide an opportunity to get a feel for how Chinese President Xi Jinping is responding to democratic developments in Africa.
Tanzania’s John Magufuli greets ruling party members after being declared winner of the presidential elections.
Tanzania’s new president, John Pombe Magufuli, needs to change the country's lukewarm attitude to the EAC and regional integration, which has cast a shadow over the future prospects of the region.
South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma being welcomed on his arrival in Khartoum by Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir earlier this year.
Reuters/Mohamed Nureldin Abdallah
South Africa's withdrawal from the ICC could have mere symbolic value. The country will continue to have obligations to binding decisions taken by the UN Security Council – including those pertaining to the court.
Phishing is a growing problem across Africa. South Africa has the highest number of victims.
Cyber security has been identified as a global challenge, with Africa facing renewed threats through increasing internet use across many platforms.
Malawian President Peter Mutharika has promised to fight the corruption that has seen donors withdraw their support for his impoverished nation.
Malawi appears to have learnt nothing from the biggest state corruption scandal that rocked the country two years ago, leading to donors withdrawing their support. The same conditions still remain.
The opening ceremony of an exercise organized by the US military in Ndjamena, Chad earlier this year to take on Boko Haram.
Apart from numerous worldwide threats including from China, Iran, North Korea and Russia, the US is taking more notice of Africa due to the expansion of extremist organisations on the continent.
The “Africa we want” envisioned by the AU can be built - but not without universities’ help and hard work.
Higher education can play a key role in pursuing the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals. Collaboration will be crucial.
South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir signs a peace agreement in the capital Juba, on August 26, 2015.
The Sudanese government and its armed opposition are both unhappy with the ceasefire they signed. Senior military officers have also publicly voiced their disapproval of the induced deal.
The nation’s last emperor was followed by chaos, but more recently triumph
Authoritarian and landlocked it may be, but Addis Ababa will mark its last emperor's death as a model of development.
Yahya Jammeh, president of Gambia, addresses the United Nations in September 2014. The dictator is notorious for human rights violations.
President Jammeh has ruled Gambia with an iron fist since he seized power more than two decades years ago. He is responsible for gross human rights abuses, yet he hosts Africa's human rights watchdog.