Black Arabs face racism and discrimination throughout the Arab world. Exposing this anti-Blackness is challenging but critical work.
Studies of Kwame Nkrumah have been influenced by the political climate both within and outside Ghana.
The foundation founded by Nelson Mandela in 1999 has done a major revision - it has written off most of his reign as comprising “grand symbolic gestures”.
For the revolutionary Frantz Fanon it was not enough to celebrate the achievements of decolonisation. It was necessary to educate, to strain at the limits of national freedom and to provoke debate.