Zimbabweans living with HIV who come to South Africa often have challenges remaining on their antiretroviral treatment regimens.
South Africa and Zimbabwe have made significant strides to roll out antiretrovirals. But the regional expansion of treatment programmes still needs work.
A photomicrograph of the Cryptococcus fungus.
More than 250 000 patients at highest risk for cryptococcal meningitis but no symptoms will be screened in South Africa annually to reduce the number of deaths.
Medical circumcision in settings where there are high rates of HIV will only be successful if these interventions take into account local beliefs about circumcision.
Many people with moderate to severe chronic pain find it difficult to move around. By contrast, HIV-positive people who had chronic pain are still active.
Testing and treatment is important in tackling HIV. But stigma and access need to be addressed too.
Taking antiretrovirals is key to reducing HIV infection rates, but the challenge lies in making sure people who know they are infected actually take the drugs.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta address a news conference at State House in Nairobi.
Narendra Modi’s first trip to Africa has widely been heralded as a success, but his brand of diplomacy has left the most pressing issues for the continent unaddressed.
South African HIV rights group, the Treatment Action Campaign, marching through Durban, calling for antiretroviral access for all.
International AIDS Society/Rogan Ward
Current epidemiological and financial trends suggest there's a major risk of a substantial shortfall in the funds required to sustain life-saving antiretroviral programmes.
Simplicity of delivery will be critical if a ‘cure’ is going to be deliverable in the parts of the world where HIV is endemic.
Curing HIV – or at least achieving long-term remission – is possible, under the right circumstances.
The more scientists understand about what drives HIV transmission, the more they can start to fight the virus.
Rupak De Chowdhuri/Reuters
Three new studies conducted in South Africa provide insights into the engine that drives HIV transmission in the country.
Activists, health-care workers and scientists in South Africa were faced with a horrific epidemic but went on a ruthless crusade to turn it around.
ART for all?
New guidelines from the World Health Organization mean more people are eligible for antiretrorviral therapy. It's critical to find ways for people to start treatment without multiple clinic visits.
Campaigns like the Lagos AIDS Walk have created awareness of HIV in Nigeria’s capital, but they are lacking in rural areas, where stigmatisation is rife.
Creating HIV services at primary health-care centres in Nigeria may improve the uptake of antiretrovirals, but it won't tackle the issue of stigma.
Reuters/ Mike Hutchings
In South Africa, female sex workers go for HIV tests, receive counselling and use condoms – but don't access antiretroviral treatments. More options are now available and can change this.
There is an urgent need to generate robust evidence that shows how the social determinants of health influence people’s abilities to protect themselves against health risks.
Interacting with communities can provide health planners with critical information that can help them solve health challenges in specific areas.
The call to action to address childhood vulnerability in Africa must go far beyond those children infected and affected by HIV.
The call to action to address childhood vulnerability in Africa must go far beyond the 17.8 million children infected and affected by HIV.
If the vaginal ring becomes available for commercial use it will become one of the tools in the HIV prevention toolbox for women alongside female condoms and daily pre-exposure prophylaxis.
A community health worker walks a couple through an HIV test in Malawi. Mostly men do not access these services.
Baylor College of Medicine Children's Foundation–Malawi / Robbie Flick
In sub-Saharan Africa more women may be infected with HIV than men - but men are more likely to die because of poor testing and treatment regimes.
Treatment has transformed the outlook for people living with HIV from almost certain death to a manageable chronic condition.
Despite the breakthroughs in HIV and AIDS research, without an effective vaccine, the world will not get to zero new infections and deaths.
A man lights candles as part of a World AIDS Day event in Jakarta.
Globally, the health community is moving to a point where there could be zero new HIV infections or deaths. But it has been a long road.
AIDS activists demand that the government of then-South African president Thabo Mbeki show a clear plan to fight the disease.
One of the remarkable achievements of South Africa's Constitutional Court has been its role in improving the quality of the internal democratic processes within the governing ANC.