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The on-again, off-again war between Armenia and Azerbaijan has been raging for 30 years and has been tilting back and forth. Armenia accused Azerbaijan a few days ago of opening fire on its positions on the border when EU experts went to the area to try to find peace.
Azeris march in Baku to celebrate the anniversary of the 2020 Second Karabakh War.
Moscow’s preoccupation with the war in Ukraine has opened up an opportunity for Azerbaijan to put military pressure on Armenia over the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh.
Russian President Vladimir Putin stands alone.
Alexey Druzhinin/AFP via Getty Images
The Russian government, under President Vladimir Putin, has stepped up repression at home and aggression abroad in an effort to consolidate power within the country and on the world stage.
Armenian troops suffered a crushing defeat in the Second Karabakh War in 2020.
Bumble Dee via Shutterstock
Facing political turmoil, a weak and unpopular prime minister and indifferent allies in Moscow, Armenia faces an unpalatable choice.
The Ghazanchetsots Cathedral was damaged earlier this year during fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
Aris Messinis/AFP via Getty Images
A peace deal brokered by Russia ended the war on Nov. 9, but the rich architectural heritage of the region is still at risk.
Soldiers patrol the mountainous, disputed border between Armenia and Azerbaijan, Nagorno-Karabakh, on Nov. 8.
Stanislav Krasilnikov\TASS via Getty Images
Each side in the bloody Nagorno-Karabakh conflict accuses the other of war crimes. Such allegations attract foreign attention and possibly intervention, but rarely lead to a peaceful solution.
Conflict as export industry: French Armenians protest the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
EPA-EFE/Christophe Petit Tessson
A new ceasefire is unlikely to stop clashes between the warring expat communities around the world.
Houses, allegedly destroyed by shelling, in Ganja, Nagorno Karabakh.
Armenia and Azerbaijan are fighting over the contested territory of Nagorno-Karabakh. But what do the people who live there want?
Armenia soldiers allegedly firing on Azeri forces during clashes over Nagorno-Karabakh.
Armenia Defence Ministry press handout/EPA
As fighting continues between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh, neighbouring Iran has offered to mediate.
Still from an Azerbaijan Defence Ministry video allegedly shows Azerbaijan’s artillery fire towards Nagorno-Karabakh.
Azerbaijan Defence Ministry/Handout/EPA
Renewed conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh is rooted as much in the past as it is the present.
The Armenian diaspora out in force in Los Angeles in April 2019.
A recent vote in the US House of Representatives recognised the Armenian massacre of 1915 as a genocide in a significant moment for the Armenian diaspora.
What happened to make plague able to cause devastating epidemics, as in this depiction from 1349?
Pierart dou Tielt/Wikimedia
People caught and died from plague long before it caused major epidemics like the Black Death in the middle ages. Could what scientists call cultural resistance be what kept the disease under control?
Henrikh Mkhitaryan (R) of Arsenal vies for the ball against Tottenham Hotspur’s Jan Vertonghen in March 2019.
Arsenal’s Armenian star will not travel to Baku in Azerbaijan for the clash with Chelsea – and nor will many of the clubs’ fans.
Because male migrants earn more money to send back home than females, families in some post-communist countries are strongly tempted to use sex-selective abortion to improve their lives.
Johann Walter Bantz/Unsplash
Breeding young men for export has never been a successful economic development strategy. Policies that improve local labour market opportunities could increase the status of women.
Sareum Srey Moch plays Loung Ung in this story of the Khmer Rouge genocide.
First They Killed My Father works hard to achieve authenticity in a genre that is as old as cinema itself.
Wherever past atrocities are denied, truth must be spoken to power.
A 2013 election poster of current Armenian president, Serzh Sargsyan. Will the country’s transition into a parliamentary system reinforce his power or lead to a totally new government?
Armenia’s upcoming election should advance the country’s transition from presidential to parliamentary system. But President Serzh Sargsyan may have a hidden agenda to retain power beyond his term’s end.
An artillery position of the self-defense army of Nagorno-Karabakh.
After more than 20 years of tenuous ceasefire, Nagorno-Karabakh is once again the centre of a violent conflict. And its people haven’t exactly had their say.
The Caucasus are more important and more connected today than in the 1990s, and a war between Armenia and Azerbaijan could create chaos for Europe.
Visitors mourn at the Armenian Genocide Memorial in Yerevan, Armenia.
On the 100th anniversary of the Armenian genocide, we asked scholars to reflect on the significance of Armenian insistence on remembering and Turkey’s insistence that the genocide never happened.