Cattle that are grass-fed, antibiotic- and growth hormone-free gather at a farm in Oregon in 2015. There’s a debate over whether antibiotic use in livestock makes germs more resistant to the drugs, and results in infections being passed on to humans who consume the meat.
(AP Photo/Don Ryan)
The use of antibiotics in raising livestock is complex. We could be moving towards a less-than-ideal result due to poor understanding, over-simplistic messaging and a rush for competitive advantage.
Support is growing for a ban on live export, but what will replace it?
In the face of shocking footage of animals dying on ships, it seems impossible that our live export trade will remain as it is. Here are three areas to address.
A sheep undergoing live export in 2017.
Footage of sheep transport conditions have shocked many, but live export has a long history in Australia.
LiDAR, was used to “redraw” the remains of the city, along the lower western slopes of the Suikerbosrand hills near Johannesburg.
Technology which located Mayan cities has been used to rediscover a southern African city from the 15th century.
A reporter interviews a protester outside the Amarillo courthouse.
AP Photo/Eric Gay
Twenty years ago, a Texas court decided Winfrey hadn't defamed the state's cattle industry. At the time, local media struggled to explain the science at stake in the case.
Cows produce a lot of methane. But there’s not much evidence a tax on beef would be effective in fighting greenhouse gas emissions.
A tax on beef isn't likely to achieve the intended outcome of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Instead, it could create a spate of unintended consequences.
Environmentally friendly beef is a myth, according to a new report.
Curious? Or dangerous?
Bulls aren't the worst offenders – and 94% of walkers killed had dogs.
Australia has a complex relationship with the dingo.
Australian farmers and graziers have historically been against dingoes on their lands. But in a bid to adapt to changing conditions, some are embracing the predators and their potential.
Brahman cattle in northern Australia.
The humped Brahman cattle are now a regular sight across northern Australia, but it was a challenge to get them accepted by producers.
Warmer temperatures are likely to cause heat stress in cattle raised on natural pastures and in feedlots.
Drought is a massive problem for southern Africa. The region requires adaptation and mitigation strategies if it's to cope with the changing climate.
Livestock ultimately came to South Africa from the north in a migratory event.
There are many theories on how livestock made its way to South Africa. The answer is quite complex and not as simple as one would think.
Cattle at export yards in Darwin, Australia.
AAP Image/Neda Vanovac
Australian cattle may have been killed with sledgehammers in Vietnam.
Kangaroos are much lighter on the land than sheep and cows.
Kangaroo image from www.shutterstock.com
Eating cows and sheep is unsustainable. Here are some better alternatives.
Mining is the biggest activity on Cape York - but is it the best way to use the land?
Weipa image from www.shutterstock.com
Cape York's ecosystems are worth as much as the Queensland economy.
Australia’s rules are meant to stop livestock being sold in roadside markets, but breaches are still being reported.
AAP Image/Animals Australia
After the 2011 live export crisis, Australia brought in rules designed to keep animals in accredited abattoirs. But with breaches widespread, there is little evidence that the rules are being policed.
Beef is generating record prices as forces converge to reward farmers.
Gina Rinehart's purchase of the Fossil Downs cattle station comes as beef prices are headed for new highs.
Indonesia is turning to homegrown cattle for its beef needs, and cutting its Australian live imports.
EPA/Hotli Simanjuntak/AAP Image
Indonesia's shock decision to cut imports of Australian beef signals two things: Indonesia's desire to focus on domestic cattle farming, and Australia's lack of alternative options for exporting its own herd.
Australian cattle wait to be loaded onto a ship to Indonesia. Their voyage to the United States would be even longer.
AAP Image/Xavier La Canna
Australia's cattle industry is keen to begin live exports to the United States. But America is very different to existing live export markets such as Indonesia, making the move much more ethically fraught.
In some parts of Australia, cattle properties have been hand over to the traditional owners, but for others the return of their land seems further away than ever.
The company built by 'Cattle King' Sidney Kidman is for sale. He enjoyed good relations with the Indigenous inhabitants, but proper recognition of their rights to their land seems ever more elusive.