The UK's plans for post-Brexit trade and investment in Africa are pint-sized by the standards of other major players.
The Belt and Road Initiative will not be starting entirely from scratch. China has already invested heavily in several African railways.
Chinese investment in the US has never been high, but the ongoing trade war could dampen it further, with significant long-term repercussions.
The risk following recently ended economic booms in Africa is that, due to insufficient planning and excessive optimism, the windfalls were wasted. But there are signs that Africa may be changing.
In Ethiopia, the US pushes the diffusion of individual freedoms and China jockeys for collective economic betterment. Both the US and China could lose out if chaos spreads in the Horn of Africa.