It seems the production of Earth science knowledge in Africa is simply not progressing, despite the world's interest in (and exploitation of) the continent's mineral wealth.
Companies can't verify that their source didn't involve artisanal mining. A discussion over responsible sourcing strategies and practices is needed.
Building renewable energy infrastructure involves mining for materials such as lithium, graphite and cobalt. If not done responsibly, that could cause huge environmental damage.
EVs will have lower sticker prices than gas vehicles when batteries are cheaper. Getting there comes down to knowing where to cut costs.
Blockchain is a promising tool to fight modern slavery by making global supply chains more accountable. But there a few kinks to be worked out.
The deal between the DRC and the Chinese company Sicomines didn't take into account how the Congolese people would benefit.
Electric vehicles are taking off, but will demand remain sustainable once governments phase out subsidies? And as the "hidden costs" of the EV revolution emerge, some might get left behind…
Is it too much to dream of batteries that are part of the structure of an item, helping to shape the form of a smartphone, car or building while also powering its functions?
Electric cars and smartphones have created growing demand – and volatile prices – for once obscure metals.
Electric cars might be a quick fix to clean up transport, but the problems with cars go beyond just emissions.
Demand for energy storage is increasing – both in Australia and around the world. But issues with the production of lithium-ion batteries mean the search is on for alternatives.