Tiny changes, like a butterfly’s wing flapping, can be amplified downstream in a chaotic system.
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Part of the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded for work modeling Earth’s climate using its chaotic, complex weather. To scientists, chaos lies in the gray zone between randomness and predictability.
The game is a fantastic metaphor for understanding how extinctions cause ecosystems to become more fragile.
A statue of John A. Macdonald is shown covered in red paint in Montreal in November 2017. Canada’s first Prime MInister, he has been criticized for his treatment of Indigenous peoples and attitudes towards those of Chinese origin.
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In a time of populism and political polarization, children and young adults need to learn to think critically, with complexity and nuance. History, as a subject, is more important than ever.
How do they each know what to do?
Researchers identified simple behavioral rules that allow these tiny creatures to collaboratively build elaborate structures, with no one in charge.
Biologists only really started to use maths in the last few decades.
Are we losing our skills as we hand more tasks to automated systems?
Machines are taking over many human tasks but what happens when something goes wrong? Would humans still have the skills to react and prevent a tragedy?
The modern world is a complex place, even if we don’t think it is.
Humans have limited ability to understand complexity, but there are serious dangers if we oversimplify things too much.
The climate is startlingly complex, as is the immune system.
Diverse threads of the vast interrogation of nature we call science are coming together in a rich and mutually informative intellectual tapestry.
Don’t just look where the streetlight shines.
Big data studies often use easily available user-generated data from the Internet. Researchers assume that this data offers a window into reality. It doesn’t necessarily.
Overwhelmed: to live wisely in a world where complexity seems to be running rampant, we must first grasp what complexity is.
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In part nine of our multi-disciplinary Millennium Project series, Cliff Hooker argues that to get any better at decision-making, we must first face up to our limitations. Global challenge 9: How can the…