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Articles on Diagnostics

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Advances in facial recognition technology may have useful applications in healthcare. Getty Images

Foetal alcohol syndrome: facial modelling study explores technology to aid diagnosis

Key to diagnosing foetal alcohol syndrome is an assessment of certain facial features. A 3D facial scan is expensive but 2D images may offer a solution.
An increasing number of health care decisions rely on information from algorithms. Tom Werner/Digital Vision via Getty Images

Including race in clinical algorithms can both reduce and increase health inequities – it depends on what doctors use them for

Biased algorithms in health care can lead to inaccurate diagnoses and delayed treatment. Deciding which variables to include to achieve fair health outcomes depends on how you approach fairness.
In healthcare facilities prevention of the sepsis include practising appropriate infection prevention and control measures. GettyImages

What is sepsis? How to spot, manage and prevent it

Many infections, including bacterial, fungal and viral infections can lead to sepsis and septic shock.
Pathology analyzes bodily fluids and tissues using a variety of methods. Alvaro Lavin/Moment via Getty Images

How do blood tests work? Medical laboratory scientists explain the pathway from blood draw to diagnosis and treatment

Lab testing provides doctors with essential information to help them diagnose and treat disease. Here’s what happens behind the scenes after you roll up your sleeve for a blood draw.
A researcher prepares reagents for testing the samples for the COVID-19 coronavirus at the laboratory of Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) BRIAN ONGORO/AFP via Getty Images

Many East Africans miss out on disease diagnosis. What must be done about it

Countries must be encouraged to distribute essential healthcare provision - like diagnosis - to where people most need them and where they can be accessed more easily.
Maker spaces give engineers and designers the tools to build low-cost medical equipment using locally available materials. Brandon Martin, Rice University

‘Frugal design’ brings medical innovations to communities that lack resources during the pandemic

Engineering students in Malawi and Tanzania have used the materials and tools available to them to build ventilators, personal protective equipment and UV disinfection systems.
In the not-too-distant future, tattoos could become medical diagnostic devices as well as body art. LightFieldStudios/iStock via Getty Images

Dynamic tattoos promise to warn wearers of health threats

Researchers are developing tattoo inks that do more than make pretty colors. Some can sense chemicals, temperature and UV radiation, setting the stage for tattoos that diagnose health problems.
Pooling samples means one test can screen multiple people. Tetra Images via Getty Images

Group testing for coronavirus – called pooled testing – could be the fastest and cheapest way to increase screening nationwide

Screening multiple samples with a single test gets more people diagnosed using fewer supplies. Two health policy researchers explain how it works and how it could help the US.

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