Wavering commitment in African capitals and the continued attractiveness of the African Union to external funders risk stalling the crucial path to financial autonomy.
Aid has never been just about helping people. It's also about gaining influence and exercising soft power.
Remarkable progress is being made on HIV treatment. But African countries need to work on sustainable ways to ensure the treatment programmes are not entirely dependent on foreign aid.
African leaders need to up their health allocations to help the new World Health Organisation Director-General meet his health care targets for the continent.