The international effort to address three decades of violence in eastern DRC has drawn in the UN, east African troops and now a southern African force.
Laurent Kabila and his son Joseph were the Democratic Republic of Congo’s third and fourth presidents.
Central to the DRC’s politics is a broken relationship between the seat of government in Kinshasa and underrepresented groups in the eastern region.
The causes of violence in the DRC are complex. Narrowing them down to the single lens of ethnicity can be misleading.
A comprehensive strategy does not seem to be an immediate priority for Congolese authorities with an eye on elections.
The region’s forces are seen as important in addressing the long-running conflict in the DRC – but their involvement is complicated.
Insecurity, especially in the DRC’s South Kivu, is considered a serious threat by Burundi’s army.
The Banyamulenge have been viewed as strangers in their own country – the violence targeting them revolves around this misconception.
Football provides a way for unpopular elites to build political capital – but also creates space for citizens to voice dissent.
Destructive mining in Congo’s protected areas is rampant because it generates money for citizens, officials and armed groups.
There are advantages to a regional force overseen by the East African Community – particularly as the bloc is leading new political talks.
Consolidating peace efforts across the vast territory has proved difficult for close to three decades. Scholars explain why.
Violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo is used to win a place in government, not to overthrow it. And it keeps working.
The US has become one of Rwanda’s staunchest defenders.
Protests are likely to continue over the coming months, particularly in the run-up to the Congo presidential elections next year.
The UN mission is being held responsible for something the Congolese state should be doing.
Recent clashes put eastern Congo’s M23 into the headlines again, but many other security problems persist in the area as diplomats struggle to tackle the underlying causes.
Tension persists between the neighbours as Kampala is yet to address all of Kigali’s grievances.
The case raises the question of what happens when a court that’s designed to keep international peace starts assigning crippling damage awards.