Artwork by Peter Trusler
Our new research has more than doubled the known fossil record of seals in Australia.
The updated methods are providing a clearer picture of how Earth and its inhabitants evolved over the past 60,000 years - and thus, providing new insight into its future.
The extinct _Mukupirna_ - which translates to 'big bones' - is estimated to have been more than four times larger than any living wombat.
LONDON NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM / EPA
You can't own a human, so why can you own their remains? We need to stop treating human fossils as objects.
Amber holds the secret to the tiny world of the age of dinosaurs.
The skull of Oculudentavis, found encased in amber, provides new clues into the transition from dinosaurs to birds and may be smallest of either ever found.
Reconstruction of the ancient environment at the Highlands trace fossil site about 183 million years ago.
Artwork by Akhil Rampersadh. Heterodontosaurid silhouette is courtesy of Viktor Radermacher.
These trackways offer rare insights about ancient life in a stressful, hostile environment during the Early Jurassic.
A phytoplankton bloom stretching across the Barents Sea off the coast of mainland Europe’s most northern point.
European Space Agency
Populations of plankton are in decline. If we push this critical foundation of the marine food chain to extinction, we could cripple ecosystems for millions of years.
When is bigger better?
Paleontologists created an evolutionary map of how croc body size changed over the last 200 million years – with some interesting implications for today's species.
A fossil of the giant new trilobite species
There is evidence to show this monster of the ancient sea was a cannibal, feeding on its own kind.
A modern mouse lemur
Microcebus sits upon the cranium of an extinct Megaladapis lemur.
Dao Van Hoang www.daovanhoang.com
A series of new studies sheds light on the population crash and extinction of the giant birds, lemurs and more that roamed the island until around A.D. 700-1000.
Dinosaurs had some bad luck, but sooner or later extinction comes for all of us.
Death is inevitable for individuals and also for species. With help from the fossil record, paleontologists are piecing together what might make one creature more vulnerable than another.
Tiktaalik: bridging the gap between land and sea.
Zina Deretsky/National Science Foundation
Little skates that 'walk' across the ocean floor show how fish brains evolved to pave the way for working legs.
The extinction of dinosaurs is one of the many periods of mass extinctions on earth.
Scientists believe since 2010 we have entered the sixth period of mass extinction. CO2 emissions will change the lives of plants and animals in the next three to four decades.
The Taung child (foreground) was the first of a long series of human ancestors discovered in Africa.
Recent research suggests that humankind's origins lay outside of Africa. This is the nature of science: a paradigm that cannot be questioned on a regular basis becomes a dogma.
Kayentapus ambrokholohali footprints belong to an animal of about 26 feet long, dwarfing all the life around it.
Theropod image adapted by Lara Sciscio, with permission, from an illustration by Scott Hartman
Until this discovery, theropod dinosaurs were thought to be considerably smaller, at three to five metres in body length, during the Early Jurassic.
Charles Darwin, who first advanced the theory of evolution, to the chagrin of creationists everywhere.
Rather than castigate those who deny evolution, it is more useful to consider their arguments to help science explain it better