A prehistoric scene showing ancient penguins, elephant seals and giant marsupials. A rich diversity of both marine and land creatures once lived at Beaumaris, Melbourne, about 7 million years ago.
Peter Trusler, Monash University
Palaeontologists say it's rare to find a rich fossil site in an urban area. That's why they're worried such a site near Melbourne could be threatened by proposed development.
A new fossil has reminded us that the real velociraptors were a world away from the huge scaly lizards seen in Juarssic World.
Scary-looking creature but at least it doesn’t bite.
Credit: Jie Yang
Ancient creepy-crawly "monster" had claws but no teeth.
A microscopic set of teeth helped scientists realise they had been looking at fossils of Hallucigenia back to front.
One of Kitching’s original find of eggs, after being prepared by Diane Scott.
The secrets of the embryonic dinosaurs whose parents roamed South Africa 200 million years ago are finally in the process of being hatched.
Jumping the shark.
There's a lot more to palaeontology than just dinosaurs, as these incredible lifeforms demonstrate.
Spectacular landscape of the Nuweveld escarpment showing exposures of the Beaufort Group.
The Karoo provides not only a historical record of biological change over a period of Earth’s history but also a means to test theories of evolutionary processes over long periods of time.
Organic dinosaur remains were thought to be extremely rare – until now.
The evolutionary tree may not be this simple.
The challenge we face after a century of extraordinary discoveries is pinning down the lineage and mapping the evolutionary route through which we as human beings got here.
A great white shark captured off the coast of Mexico.
We used to think of sharks as primitive fish because the had cartilage instead of bones. Turns out there was a good reason why and it makes them anything but primitive.
How Archaeornithura might have looked.
Fossils of the oldest bird ever pushes back the evolutionary record for birds by nearly six million years.
The site of the Apex chert once thought to hold the oldest fossil found on Earth.
The debate has raged for years on the origin of life-like structure in an ancient rocky find in Western Australia. But is it evidence of early life?
Artist’s reconstruction of the giant filter-feeding anomalocaridid
Aegirocassis benmoulae from 480 million years ago.
Marianne Collins, ArtofFact
A 480 million year old fossil recently unearthed in Morocco fills in some of the evolutionary story for arthropods, members of the largest animal phylum on Earth.
Don’t get bitten by one of these.
The feeding habits of an unusual 200-million-year-old fish have been tested in a ground-breaking study published in Palaeontology. This research is particularly notable as it wasn’t carried out by a leading…
It’s probably a yeti.
Almost all natural history museums and recognised public collections of fossils have in the past relied on finds purchased from private collectors, and many still do. But the role of amateur fossil collectors…
Phytosaur: still got it.
Some 220m years ago, the Triassic Period marked the beginning of the age of dinosaurs. But by the time the earliest dinosaurs were just starting to appear in the fossil record, it was distant relatives…
Palaeontologists have discovered an unusual aquatic parasite from Jurassic-era China. Jun Chen from Linyi University and…
A bull male
Eastmanosteus placoderm. Placoderms were the first creatures to evolve paired reproductive organs with a bony skeleton called claspers.
Brian Choo & John Long, Flinders University.
We humans use the euphemism for sex that “we like to get a leg over” but the first jawed vertebrates – the placoderms – they liked to get a leg in. They were the first back-boned creatures to evolve male…
Chinese researchers have announced the rare discovery of fossilised pterosaur eggs. Xiaolin Wang from the Chinese Academy…
The Lark Quarry dinosaur trackway is the world’s only fossilised dinosaur stampede. But the fossils could fetch a lot of money if sold, so how do we keep them safe?
Collecting fossils helps raise interest in palaeontology and the natural history of Australia, and many important fossil discoveries have been made by members of the public collecting unusual specimens…