Far from an exception, 16 March marked the 100th time under the Fifth Republic that France’s president chose to use a special constitutional measure to force through unpopular measures.
Young people walk behind a banner during a demonstration in Paris against the reform of the pension system.
The adoption of France’s pension-reform law without a vote of the National Assembly puts greater demands on workers for the benefit of those who have already retired.
A demonstrator holds a placard reading “Macron, no no no no, 49,3 times no”, a reference to a French law that would allow the country’s president to pass pension reform without a vote in the National Assembly.
While the scale of the strikes in both countries is historic, a scholar in employer relations notes the legislative conditions framing industrial action in the UK are much more restrictive.
Are you ready to eat insects?
To limit our impact on the planet, one solution could be to replace meat with insects. Children could set an example.
It is the first time French trade unions have shown unity since their opposition to pension reform in 2010.
Julien De Rosa/AFP
France’s trade unions have managed to galvanise the largest movement in decades in opposition to pension reform. What will happen to them once the bill has been passed or abandoned?
Brexit and Boris Johnson caused tension but France and the UK are getting back on track.
To test the ballistic properties of the stone points found in the Mandrin cave, modern duplicates were created and hafted on to shafts, as they may have been 54,000 years ago.
Laure Metz, Ludovic Slimak
In 2022 we detailed the discovery of 1,500 stone points in France’s Madrin cave. Experiments now show that they could were used as arrowheads, pushing back evidence of archery in Eurasia by 40,000 years.
In 2019, the former IMF chief, Christine Lagarde, stated that closing the gender gap in employment could hike global GDP by 35 per cent.
Research shows French firms with smaller to no gender wage gap and high female board representation also make better business.
“Medieval football” is still played annually on Shrove Tuesday in some parts of the UK.
Pancake Day isn’t just about pancakes.
The challenge is not so much to integrate sustainable development into engineering or management as to teach engineering and management for sustainable development.
The challenge is not so much to integrate sustainable development into engineering or management education as to teach engineering and management for sustainable development.
Virgin Orbit is launching satellites using a rocket slung under the wing of an aircraft.
Efforts to launch rockets into space from the UK need to demonstrate reliability.
The Ariane 6 launcher, show during tests in 2021, will be used to launch satellites for France’s “Céleste” and “Iris” surveillance programs.
While many countries have tested anti-satellite missiles, France has committed itself not to do so. For what reasons, and with what consequences?
Unions in France called for a second day of mobilisation against the government’s proposed pension reform on Tuesday 31 January.
Data spanning the past fifty years shows strikes in France have generally not affected growth or foreign investment.
Protesters wave French trade union CGT flags during a rally called by French trade unions against the government pension reform plan in Marseille, southern France, on January 19, 2023.
French citizens have protested pension reform for the past 30 years. A historian explains why the evolving power struggle between the streets and the state does not bode well for today’s strikers.
Italian emigrants at Modane train station, West of the Italian border.
Musée national de l’histoire de l’immigration, Paris
Italy’s administration has adopted increasingly hostile policies towards migrants of late. Yet, history reminds us the latter may not be that different from past generations of Italians.
Jollof rice (called Ceebu jën in Senegal according to the Wolof spelling). Photo Getty Images.
Nigerians and Ghanaians have all claimed authorship of Jollof rice. But a new book points out that the “Senegality” of this dish is established by the reference to “Jolof”.
In 2009, 150 of the 180 residents of the care facility in Ellignies-Sainte-Anne were French. At the time, approximately 6,500 French citizens living with disabilities were in Belgian institutions due to the lack of appropriate structures in France. The figure has since grown to 8,500, a jump of more than 30%.
It is estimated that more than 8,000 French citizens with disabilities currently live in Belgium. For many parents, placing their children in foreign institutions is not so much a choice as the only alternative they have.
Language policy in Canada suggests misunderstanding among government officials and the general public about language use, international language rights and their implications.
Canada’s population is more diverse than ever, with many different languages represented. Government policy must reflect that diversity and offer meaningful support to minority languages.
Des supporters brésiliens pendant la Coupe du monde de la FIFA 2010 organisée par l'Afrique du Sud. Le coup de pouce au tourisme est venu plus tard.
L'époque où l'on accueillait des méga-événements sportifs parce qu'ils augmentaient le tourisme est peut-être révolue.
In July 2022, passers-by watch the progress of a fire near Gignac (Hérault).
The forest fires that struck the Continent in the summer of 2022 were devastating, yet historical data shows that they were not ‘unprecedented’, contrary to media accounts.