Local and national governments in west and central African countries must prioritise investment in providing access to HIV testing for all pregnant women.
Pooled testing, or group testing, has been used to diagnose relatively rare conditions, such as infection in blood donors. It could be used for universal early infant diagnosis and viral load testing.
June 27 is National HIV Testing Day, and an expert suggests it's a good time to think about testing, especially for youth. And, a recent study suggested that nurses have a role in reaching youth.
Knowing your HIV status is key to accessing life-saving treatment or evaluating the best prevention options.
Access to HIV testing is an important factor in reaching UN goals that 90% of people with HIV must know their status by 2020.
The increased demand for home-based diagnostic tests calls for stricter regulation.
Women and children remain the focus of HIV while men are disadvantaged in accessing testing and treatment in Africa.
Immigration Minister Hussen has said Canada's immigration policies are antiquated. There are more directives governing HIV infection than any other health condition in the immigration system.
Diagnosing babies with HIV as early as possible is critical to ensuring that they get onto treatment.
HIV self-testing is a potential strategy to overcome access to testing. However, there are emerging concerns on the lack of counselling, possible user error and accuracy of the kits.
In rural areas where there are often fewer healthcare professionals available, traditional healers can have a role to play in promoting HIV treatment.
Understanding where there are high numbers of new HIV infections is important to establishing whether interventions are working or not.
South Africa has made tremendous progress towards meeting the 90-90-90 targets but there are some challenges preventing it from reaching the goals set by UNAIDS.