A 2005 presidential election poster of then-President Hosni Mubarak that said: ‘70 million Egyptian Muslims and Christians say yes to Mubarak.’
AP Photo/Hasan Jamali
Mubarak used his relationship with the Copts to receive support for his rule, but he did not build institutions that could guarantee Christians constitutional rights.
Hosni Mubarak, the late former President of Egypt.
Mubarak held power for three decades, on the foundation of a personality cult.
Algerians protest against President Abdelaziz Bouteflika in Algiers, Algeria, 29 March 2019.
Algeria's elite has built its legitimacy on a distorted memory of the war of independence.
Al-Sisi: more Mubarak than Mubarak.
As civil rights are trampled on, the Egyptian parliament is on the verge of endorsing his rule until 2034.
Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir at the Arab Summit in Saudi Arabia in April 2018.
The uprising in Sudan has weakened the authority of President Omar al-Bashir and political Islam in the country.
President Donald Trump.
AP Photo/Evan Vucci
President Trump says an alliance with Saudi Arabia is necessary, despite evidence the country's crown prince ordered the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi.
Robert Mahoney of the Committee to Protect Journalists on Oct. 18 appealed to the U.N. to investigate the disappearance of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi.
The Trump administration’s abandonment of support for democracy and civil rights abroad may be behind the sort of attacks on individual freedom that likely claimed journalist Jamal Khashoggi's life.
An Egyptian street vendor selling bread walks past as a tear gas canister (background) fired by riot police during clashes with protesters near Cairo’s Tahrir Square on January 29, 2013.
In Morocco, bread is not only a symbol for wider demands but also the material basis of affordable and just living conditions.
An Egyptian Muslim woman holds candles in front of the Coptic Christian Cathedral in tribute to the victims of a bomb attack in Cairo on Dec. 17, 2016.
Mohamed Abd El Ghany/Reuters
Among the Christians of the Middle East, the largest number – some eight million or so – is of Egypt’s Copts. Here's their story.
Mubarak still has his supporters.
On Saturday November 29, the former president of Egypt, 86-year-old Hosni Mubarak, was cleared of the manslaughter of approximately 900 protesters during the 2011 uprisings and is soon to be released…
Mubarak’s demise may not mean the end of his regime for Egypt.
Symbols are important, but often deceiving. This is certainly the case of Hosni Mubarak, whose inexorable decline acted as a metronome for the Egyptian political crisis. In early 2011, Mubarak’s political…