Russia denies targeting civilians. But it was the same with its bombing campaign in Syria.
The most direct cause of America’s ongoing harrowing descent, including the rise of Donald Trump and his alliance with Vladimir Putin, began 19 years ago with the U.S. invasion of Iraq.
A military historian and U.S. Army veteran explains how wars are not easy to win – something political leaders often forget when looking at the calculus of conflict.
A western ‘do as I say, not as I do’ approach has helped provoke Vladimir Putin’s invasion of Ukraine.
Western militaries all too often try to hide the fact of civilian casualties as they spoil the popular narrative of a “clean” war.
The technical and political issues at play in launching air attacks that may harm civilians.
A scholar of African American studies explores how the former secretary of state, who died at 84, dealt with what WEB DuBois described as the ‘double-consciousness’ of being Black and American.
Despite a ‘major breach of trust,’ the recent spat between France and the US corresponds to a long cycle of conflict and rapprochement between the two countries.
In a time of increasingly complex geopolitical entanglements and moral failings, these films articulate a yearning for unsullied heroism, effective leadership and appropriate responses to crises.
Ancient Athenians and Romans also let shared mass tragedies propel justifications for going to war – even when it wasn’t clear what that violence would solve.
The act of killing in combat is associated with heightened risks of PTSD and suicide. A scholar interviewed 30 veterans about their common experiences.
Following the completion of the US troop withdrawal from Afghanistan, Neta Crawford, the co-director of the Costs of War Project, reflects on 7,268 days of American involvement in the conflict.
Secretary of State Antony Blinken said that the US Afghanistan pullout is not a repeat of failures in other recent wars. “This is not Saigon,” he said. A seasoned foreign policy expert disagrees.
For much of the country’s history, Americans won their wars decisively, with the complete surrender of enemy forces and the home front’s perception of total victory.
More than 14,000 Iraqi police officers have been killed since the US invasion in 2003.
The IS ‘caliphate’ centred on Mosul, had its own justice system served, efficiently, by its own police force.
How international inspectors uncovered Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction programmes.
Attacks on churches and targeted killings of Christians began as Iraq descended into sectarian violence after the fall of Saddam Hussein.
The 1991 Gulf War was seen as the start of an age of peace, but paved the way for much future conflict.
Archaeologists working with museums in Iraq have protected more than 270,000 artefacts using SmartWater liquid technology.