Despite the relative political stability over the years, Tanzania needs a new constitution to address contemporary challenges and strengthen institutions.
Hassan, like Magufuli before her, has taken office without her own political base and will also have to contend with revived factional manoeuvring.
A balance sheet of positives and negatives for Tanzania’s president Magufuli is perhaps the most striking similarity with the legacy of Nyerere as the country marks another independence anniversary.
Integration within the East African Community has been sticky. The fact that Kenya’s main political parties haven’t spelled out their policies on the community in their manifestos is a worry.