Struggling to handle a pandemic and general economic crisis, Kyrgyzstan has just seen its president ousted by an ex-convict as Russia and China watch from the sidelines.
Censorship, repression and disinformation have characterised Central Asian responses to COVID-19.
Immigrants from Eritrea, Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar, Nigeria, Sudan and Tanzania constitute less than 1% of terrorism cases in the United States, and none of the cases in the last two years.
Breeding young men for export has never been a successful economic development strategy. Policies that improve local labour market opportunities could increase the status of women.
Traditional notions of femininity and masculinity are in conflict, resulting in a surge of violence against Kyrgyz women.
China's One Belt, One Road initiative is holding international summit in Beijing, but no Western leaders have said they are coming yet.
Islamic State has been spreading its influence beyond the Middle East – and Central Asia could be in the firing line.
A renewed security focus on Afghanistan is part of Vladimir Putin's plan to re-energise Russia's vision of a 'Greater Eurasia'.