An atmospheric river is a band of warm, moisture-laden air many hundreds of kilometres long and hundreds of kilometres wide. It can dump prodigious amounts of rain over a large area.
Dams built in an earlier age are suddenly vulnerable as the climate shifts.
Massive landslides can trigger destructive and deadly tsunamis, and climate change could make them worse.
The unusual weather can be attributed to the Indian Ocean Dipole. This is the difference in sea surface temperatures between the eastern and western tropical Indian Ocean.
Australia’s water supplies are at risk as climate extremes provoke erosion events that threaten lakes and dams.
Relocating communities to safer, less exposed areas can help people manage climate hazards, but it’s not a viable solution for everyone.