How we teach languages has not evolved much from the traditional grammar-based mode of instruction, and this approach alone marginalizes students' existing knowledge and communication abilities.
The conventions used in texting and tweeting are fundamentally altering how people communicate, but many language apps still rely on old-school English-language grammar.
The presence of Indigenous peoples in conversations in Canada about the flourishing of Indigenous languages and critical Indigenous education is essential.
Can you become fluent with just a language app? Here's what the research says.