Rather than encouraging people to become better citizens, rewards and fines can actually reduce peoples’ natural tendencies to do the right thing by others.
The idea that a small payment could motivate more people to vote resurfaces regularly, but this ignores evidence that monetary incentives to induce pro-social behaviour can be counterproductive.
No place for young people.
Gareth Fuller/PA Images.
Parish council elections are a vital part of democracy – so why are people put off getting involved?
The Wisconsin State Capitol.
Democracies survive if political norms and traditions are upheld. So the recent actions of GOP legislators in Wisconsin and other states to hamstring incoming Democrats put democracy at risk.
Andrew Gillum with wife R. Jai Gillum addresses supporters after winning the Democrat primary for governor.
AP Photo/Steve Cannon
The mayor of Tallahassee underspent three rivals to win the state's Democratic primary. But what awaits in the general election?
She lurches from crisis to crisis but the prime minister remains in post. How does she do it?
Voting is all over the place in 2018. But Labour is the party with most to think about after this result.
Various regions in England go to the polls on May 3 but do they have enough power to change things?
London remains incredibly dominant over the UK regions in terms of financial and legislative decision-making.
Michael D Beckwit/Unsplash
Councils decide important matters, so it's worth turning out to vote in local elections on May 3.
A pilot requiring some voters to show ID in May's local elections could be the next blow for the Windrush generation.
Big gains for the Conservative party.
Everything you need to know about the recent local and mayoral elections.
Is the government turning its back on localism?
A closer look at the recent local elections can help to shine a light on the future of the "Northern Powerhouse" and its impact on local democracy in the North of England.
Brian A Jackson/Shutterstock
Here's what you need to know before you cast your vote in the elections for local police crime commissioners.
The decision on your doorstep.
Peter Turner Photography/shutterstock
Local elections are taking place across 124 councils in England and will probably have a big impact on the day-to-day issues that most people care about.
May 2016 sees contests for the position of elected mayor in four major cities across England.
Much is expected of South African President Jacob Zuma when he delivers his 2016 State of the Nation Address.
The general loss of faith in the economy is the most important issue President Zuma must address. More radical social and economic transformation, with emphasis on land reform will be most critical.
Successive governments have promised to give more power to local councils but so far all have fallen short on delivery.
There was a local election?
Gains for the Tories and obliteration for the Lib Dems as councils are selected — sound familiar?
John Giles/PA Archive
Party membership has long been declining across the political spectrum, but it's hitting the Lib Dems hardest.
Despite pressure from the pet community, few are turning up.
Even before the results come in, turn-out for electing South Yorkshire’s next Police and Crime Commissioner was shown to be extremely low. As the votes were being counted from the October 30 ballot, it…
On the crest of the wave.
Gareth Fuller/PA Wire
It is clear from the European and local election results that there are some interesting and fairly nuanced things happening. Labour has not done as well as it expected to do – and there are a lot of people…