Amirr (centre) parades though his village ahead of the imbalu circumcision ritual. Imbalu begins with dance and music, as initiates visit relatives and friends to receive gifts.
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The ritual site becomes a communal classroom where songs and dances teach history, impart values and preserve cultural identity.
An initiate parades through his village in Mbale, Uganda.
Luke Dray/Getty Images
Sacred sites where rituals are performed by the community should be protected as living archives that house local heritage.
Wes Mountain/The Conversation
It’s a surprisingly common question. Here’s what you need to know.
Circumcising newborn boys could increase their risk of cot death, here’s why.
AmaXhosa women want to play a bigger role in cultural rituals.
South African Tourism/Flickr
Women don’t want to be reduced to ceremonial roles; they believe they can add value in making decisions.
Intersex people are born with sexual anatomy that doesn’t fit binary notions of male or female bodies.
Boston Public Library/flickr
Until we safeguard every child from all forms of violence, opposition to genital cutting will not be an Australian value.
Model Hanne Gaby Odiele (in white) has been outspoken about experiencing life as intersex.
There are some striking physical and symbolic similarities.
Haemophilia impairs the body’s ability to make blood clots causing excessive bleeding.
Circumcision is a rite of passage in various African communities. However, for initiates with haemophilia, extra caution needs to be taken to ensure their safety.
Medical circumcision in settings where there are high rates of HIV will only be successful if these interventions take into account local beliefs about circumcision.
Treatment has transformed the outlook for people living with HIV from almost certain death to a manageable chronic condition.
Despite the breakthroughs in HIV and AIDS research, without an effective vaccine, the world will not get to zero new infections and deaths.
A man lights candles as part of a World AIDS Day event in Jakarta.
Globally, the health community is moving to a point where there could be zero new HIV infections or deaths. But it has been a long road.
Initiates undergoing the traditional passage to manhood in Qunu, in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Many either die or get maimed during the winter practice.
The practices around the traditional passage to manhood in South Africa are changing and beginning to encompass women as family patterns change. But, there are mixed feelings about the changes.
His rights as much as hers.
Making a comparison between male and female genital cutting is usually dismissed or condemned. When, for example, the Council of Europe recently passed a motion declaring both female genital cutting (FGC…
A protest against circumcision in the United States, where the debate about circumcision is still raging.
Non-therapeutic circumcision of male infants and boys has always been a controversial issue – and never has opinion been more polarised. In the United States, medical authorities have just overturned 40…
A traditional circumcision set from the Jewish Museum of New York.
Circumcision lies at the crossroads of religion, custom, human rights, health, commerce, harm, and ethics. From high-profile court battles overseas to its recent inclusion on Channel Ten’s provocative…
Infant male circumcision violates aspects of international human rights law, which Australia is bound to uphold.
In an article published recently on this site, “Male circumcision policy ignores research showing benefits”, the authors stated some alleged benefits of infant male circumcision and argued the Royal Australasian…
Circumcising boys in the neonatal period using local anaesthesia maximises benefits and safety.
For some time now, all the departments of health in Australia have based their policy on male circumcision on reviews of the scientific literature carried out periodically by the Royal Australasian College…