Members of the Muslim Brotherhood protest at a rally in 2013.
Carsten Koall/Getty Images
The Muslim Brotherhood once held the reins of power in Egypt. Now it faces internal splits, government repression and dwindling support.
A 2005 presidential election poster of then-President Hosni Mubarak that said: ‘70 million Egyptian Muslims and Christians say yes to Mubarak.’
AP Photo/Hasan Jamali
Mubarak used his relationship with the Copts to receive support for his rule, but he did not build institutions that could guarantee Christians constitutional rights.
Hosni Mubarak, the late former President of Egypt.
Mubarak held power for three decades, on the foundation of a personality cult.
Omar al-Bashir may be gone but the freedom of the Sudanese people still hangs in the balance.
Despite the dismantling of Sudan’s ruling party, the country’s autocratic leanings still pose a threat to democracy.
Mohammed Morsi, a member of the controversial Islamist political organization the Muslim Brotherhood, was Egypt’s first democratically elected president. He was overthrown in a coup in 2013 and died on trial this June.
A few years ago, Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood and Turkey’s Gulenists were running the show. Now both religious movements face political repression. How did they fall so far, so fast?
Funeral prayers were said for Mohamed Morsi in Istanbul Turkey, after his death in mid June.
The Muslim Brotherhood has been slow to adapt to its new reality.
Egyptian policemen pose in front of the Cairo International Stadium in Egypt, where Afcon takes place.
The nervous Egyptian state hopes that fan-instigated stadium riots will not occur during the Afcon, following a clampdown on some fans.
The Trump administration has declared Iran’s Revolutionary Guard, a government security agency, to be ‘terrorists.’
A terrorism expert exposes the quirks, inconsistencies and foreign policy strategy behind the State Department’s terrorist watchlist.
Joggers and sightseers take in the Doha skyline.
Reuters/Ibraheem al Omari
Qatar’s decision to aid Turkey in the face of American sanctions against the country may finally be a snub too far for its close relationship with the US.
Turkish ships on patrol.
The prospect of gas wealth has been escalating old rivalries and disputes between Turkey, Cyprus, Lebanon, Israel, Egypt and Greece.
Saudi Arabia’s King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud on Oct. 5, 2017.
AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin
When it comes to foreign policy, Saudi Arabia has recently become far more aggressive. A historian of the modern Middle East sees three possible causes for the shift.
The skyline of Doha, Qatar.
Gregory Hawken Kramer
Qatar has used its wealth to adopt policies sometimes rivaling Saudi Arabia’s. Think, for example, of the popular Al-Jazeera. Now the Saudis seem determined to limit Qatari influence as much as possible.
A member of the Muslim Brotherhood during Egypt’s Freedom and Justice Party convention.
The Muslim Brotherhood exists in the form of many local organizations and well as an international organization. Research shows there isn’t a coherent Muslim Brotherhood ideology.
The century since the first world war is littered with the broken promises of Muslim rulers to bring about a transition to more representative forms of government.
The rise of Islamic State and its declaration of the caliphate can be read as part of a wider story that has unfolded since the formation of modern nation states in the Muslim world.
One needs to understand the differences in their Islamic movements to make sense of events over recent decades in Egypt and Iran.
People sometimes overlook their profound differences if social forces unite them in a common, often ill-defined desire. Hostility to Muslims is creating an imagined solidarity that Islamists can exploit.
Morsi in court.
EPA/Namir Galal/Almasry Alyoum
Two years after the ousting of Egypt’s first democratically elected president, military rule is now firmly entrenched.
Families cross the Euphrates River seeking the relative safety of Baghdad as Islamic State fighters advance with the goal of creating such violence that people turn from the government to any force capable of restoring peace.
Islamic State is a project built on solid foundations by jihadist theorists with decades of experience. The savagery of terrorism precedes the next stage of a caliphate that delivers longed-for order.
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