Rap songs from Public Enemy and Ludacris have been heard at marches over the killing of George Floyd. But the history of Black American music as a form of protest dates back to the 19th century.
Pan-African festival marked the emergence of a post-imperial world
Music is an underutilised tool when it comes to steering curricula away from strictly Western and colonial models.
Explorations of form and sound in jazz are essentially political. They challenge the status quo in society by interrogating categories and barriers.