Many of these diseases cause tremendous suffering and death -- yet there's still a lack of effective tools to diagnose, treat, and prevent them.
Among the health conditions that might have faced a setback is leishmaniasis, a parasitic disease associated with poverty. It can cause devastating lifestyle changes, disability, and even death.
The world is in the grip of a new pandemic which sets back the fight against rabies.
Myiasis, a neglected tropical disease, can cause severe clinical outbreaks in humans and animals with potential economic losses in the livestock industry.
How will the World Health Organisation's Director-General Dr Tedros Ghebreyesus deal with the mounting challenges? Africa's academics have some tips.
A century and a half after buruli ulcer was discovered, the disease continues to mystify scientists.
Although there have been global efforts to eliminate parasites, some parasites and vectors will have survived attack because they have evolved resistance.
The drug that led to two scientists wining the Nobel Prize for Physiology or medicine has made a significant difference for those suffering from elephantiasis and river blindness.