Police officers under the African Union.
Stuart Price/AFP via Getty Images
The African Union’s Continental Early Warning System was created to anticipate and prevent conflicts, but it’s gone.
Muhoozi Kainerugaba, commander of Uganda’s land forces and President Yoweri Museveni’s son.
Peter Busomoke/AFP via Getty Images
The plan to replace Museveni with his son has dramatically shifted from rumour to reality in recent months.
A group of migrants are guided up the beach after being brought into Kent on a lifeboat.
Photo by Gareth Fuller/PA Images via Getty Images
The choice of Rwanda has a logic about it. But it’s also controversial.
Rwanda has fully re-opened the Gatatuna-Katuna border with Uganda, ending a three-year impasse. Cyril Ndegeya/Anadolu Agency via
Tension persists between the neighbours as Kampala is yet to address all of Kigali’s grievances.
The African Union headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Gunter Fischer/Education Images/Universal Images Group via Getty Images
Despite the criticisms the African Union has faced over the last two decades, it is far from being a docile follower of the orders of its member states.
Rwanda’s president, Paul Kagame.
A good image abroad affords many advantages to authoritarian leaders.
Rwanda’s President Paul Kagame meets Israel’s then Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in 2017.
Most countries in Africa have chosen to separate the issue of the Palestinians from economic cooperation with Israel.
French president Emmanuel Macron lays a wreath on a mass grave at the Kigali Genocide Memorial on 27 May 2021.
It will take time for Rwandans, especially those who suffered or witnessed the genocide, to trust France again.
Rwanda’s presidential couple at the 2021 genocide commemoration.
SIMON WOHLFAHRT/AFP via Getty Images
A survey of the commemorations since 2014 reveals the politicking behind the writing of history and Rwanda’s place in the world.
The reform of the operations of the African Union is key to its future.
US Department of State/Flickr
The election of commissioners is a key step in the reform process of the African Union Commission.
Paul Rusesabagina, chairman of the Rwandan Movement for Democratic Change political party.
In a political environment as polarised as Rwanda’s, there is no room for moderates and no space for critical voices.
President Pierre Nkurunziza arrives to inaugurate Burundi’s Chinese-built state house on September 27, 2019.
(Photo by ONESPHORE NibigIra/AFP via Getty Images)
History will judge Nkurunziza as a man who brought unnecessary pain to a nation that had long suffered from political misrule.
The date of arrest and a red cross marked on the face of Felicien Kabuga on a wanted poster at the Genocide Fugitive Tracking Unit office in Kigali, Rwanda, on May 19, 2020.
(Photo by Simon Wohlfahrt/ AFP via Getty Images)
Given the contested success of transitional justice in Rwanda, the arrest showcases the mixed record of international justice.
The port of Mombasa in Kenya, which was the first country, with Ghana, to ratify the African Continental Free Trade Agreement in 2018.
Africa’s new continental free trade area, the AfCFTA, is a remarkable achievement. However, decisive diplomatic, technical and social action is needed for it to succeed.
Security is tight in Rwanda’s authoritarian state.
Rwanda has overcome its past to become a development miracle but if it’s not careful, history could repeat itself.
Presidents Paul Kagame (right) and Yoweri Museveni observe a minute of silence during a genocide memorial.
A military confrontation between Uganda and Rwanda remains implausible. But the stand-off between the two countries is reminiscent of the worst days between them.
Rwandan President Paul Kagame. Rwanda has a booming economy that is controlled by an authoritarian regime
Rwanda is a paradox – a ‘development miracle’ and an authoritarian state.
The concept of ‘agaciro’ is central to how Rwanda engages with the international community and promotes its state interests.
AU headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Flickr/Embassy of Equatorial Guinea
The African Peer Review Mechanism got off to a good start, but enthusiasm soon waned.
Repression is on the rise in Zambia under President Edgar Lungu.
Democratic and authoritarian countries are moving further away from each other.