The best interests of the child require detention to be used as a last resort.
Given their ability to accept correction, children have a better claim to rehabilitation, reorientation and reintegration.
Hiroshima after the US military dropped the atomic bomb on 6 August 1945.
Peace Memorial Museum
Kwame Nkrumah and Ali Mazrui associated nuclear weapons with imperialism and racism, but proposed different approaches to address the problem they present.
Central bank (in the background) can no longer perform its function of being the lender of last resort.
Zimbabwe wants to issue a sovereign bond to raise $3.5 billion it has agreed to pay as compensation to white farmers, but the economic and political conditions aren’t conducive to such an issuance.
A scene from a play about the Gukurahundi genocide, 1983 The Dark Years, performed in Harare in 2018.
JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images
Artists are filling the state’s silence by revisiting history so that it can be discussed.
Hundreds gather for prayer at the scene of a massive truck bomb attack in Mogadishu in October 2017, the deadliest to hit conflict-torn Somalia.
The death of Al-Shabaab’s leader triggered deadlier suicide bombings as the group desperately tried to demonstrate its resilience.
French soldiers patrol in armoured personnel carriers during the Barkhane operation in northern Burkina Faso in 2019.
Michele Cattani/AFP via Getty Images
More than 20 years after the shift from unilateralism to multilateralism, it is reasonable to wonder how multilateral France’s ‘new interventionism’ really is.
African leaders have their work cut out to make the continental free trade area a success.
Africa has opportunities to integrate further and bring its economies into the global economy.
When we use ‘race’ we need to be very specific about what we mean. Race is not biology, nor is it class.
Construction workers stand next to rock wall at the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam in Ethiopia on December 26, 2019.
Despite previous threats by Egypt of military action, a war of over the Nile waters is not a serious possibility.
The High Dam in Aswan, Egypt.
An historical perspective on the politics, dominance and conflicts over the dams on the Nile is useful.
A shack in a waterfront community in Lagos.
In Lagos, many people pay property tax not because they receive public services but to feel more secure and create a record of their presence.
African urban dwellers pay 55% more in rentals than their counterparts in other cities in the world.
The demon is not density but rather that African countries have not planned and made the investments necessary to manage the downsides of the type of density found in informal settlements.
Virtually all South African cities remain under a form of green apartheid.
In South African cities there’s an uneven distribution of trees, greenery and parks across racial and income geographies.
A Nigerian newspaper stand. A survey found sexism rife in newsrooms in several countries.
PIUS UTOMI EKPEI/AFP via Getty Images
Eradicating sexism in newsrooms will benefit both men and women.
Psychological services for girls who have been abused and traumatised in their marriages would help alleviate and reduce distress.
President Benjamin Mkapa at the end of his tenure in December 2005.
Mwanzo Millinga/AFP via Getty Images)
Mkapa’s presidency is particularly significant since it represents the first phase of Tanzanian multi-party democracy.
IMF managing director Kristalina Georgieva and World Bank group president David Malpass have offered debt relief to developing countries.
African countries should tread carefully over the debt relief offered by multilateral institutions and other lenders. It could prove very costly in the medium to long term.
Refugee children in Bidibidi resettlement camp, northern Uganda.
Refugees invest a great amount of effort in solving disputes among themselves, and with surrounding host community members.
Artwork of men wearing facemasks seen on the street walls in Mathare slums to create awareness of stopping the spread of COVID-19.
Social protection measures and food distribution targeting adolescents in informal settlements are urgently needed.
South Africa’s finance minister Tito Mboweni says the IMF loan will limit the country’s economic vulnerabilities which have been exacerbated by COVID-19.
Gallo Images/Brenton Geach
The IMF loan does not impose any conditions over and above what is in South African law on how the funds can be used; it only seems to expect the country to implement policies already announced.