Most of the community radio stations operate on a survivalist level, and should be seen as struggling small, medium and micro enterprises.
South Africa has made progress towards interrupting the looting of land by chiefs, state officials and mining capital.
Some communities on South Africa's Platinum Belt have received substantial mining revenues, but these are controlled by chiefs.
It would be no surprise if Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa's claims of the state spying on him turn out to be true. After all, state spy agencies have been abused before in ANC factional battles.
Five years on, no-one has been held to account for the Marikana massacre where 34 miners were shot dead by members of the South African Police Service in a single day.