In Africa's education sector, public-private partnerships have been largely limited to infrastructure developments and the provision of education.
Canadian governments aren't completely selling off major public works, but their embrace of public-private "partnerships" is giving private financiers control of major infrastructure projects.
For many universities, working with private edtech companies could be the only way of keeping pace with the changing world of education.
The link between labor's decline and stagnating worker pay has convinced some politicians that we need to rebuild unions. What we need are new labor policies for tomorrow's workforce.
The Private Finance Initiative was meant to be the solution to 21st century public buildings. Edinburgh's school problems are far from unique, however.