In this 1938 image, a Black boy uses a fountain marked ‘colored’ at a North Carolina county courthouse.
Though the Civil Rights Act of 1964 officially ended racial discrimination in public places, relics of the Jim Crow South still haunt modern memory.
Inner Sydney has near-zero population growth.
Inner-city resistance to higher-density housing has diverted most of Sydney’s population growth, driven largely by non-white migrants, to the outer suburbs. The result is a racially divided city.
Signwriters rush to replace colonial street names with news ones in April 1964, a few months after Kenya’s independence on December 12, 1963.
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The naming of streets, places and landmarks in colonial Nairobi was used to show the political, ideological and ethnic dominance of the British.
The stress of experiencing high levels of community violence harms entire families.
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Chronic stress from living with systemic racism and gun violence can lead to increased symptoms of PTSD and depression as well as elevated cortisol levels.
Begging is a strategy often used by homeless people.
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Food insecurity remains a major health problem. And poorer households are disproportionately affected.
Purchasing property as a primary home is considered more ethical than acquiring property for investment.
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A scholar who examines the impact of property ownership explains why purchasing a home comes with many moral obligations.
Millicent Brown, left, was one of the first two Black students to integrate a South Carolina public school, in September 1963.
The effort to give every student equal access to an education has lasted decades and may need even more time before the goal is reached.
Despite widespread black poverty caused by unemployment, progress has been made towards the goal of a racially equal society.
The collective memory of school desegregation is of anger and division, like in this photo of 15-year-old Elizabeth Eckford walking away from a crowd outside a high school in Little Rock, Ark.
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Americans’ collective memory of school desegregation involves crowds of screaming white protesters. But less well known are the whites who stood by quietly, and those who approved of the changes.
A woman sits at a site in James Town, Accra, demolished in May 2020 to make way for a new fishing port complex.
Photo by Nipah Dennis/AFP via Getty Images
The patterns of colonial spatial violence that played out in Ghanaian cities echo around the world.
Veteran South African politician Mangosuthu Buthelezi addressing parliament in 2019.
Mangosuthu Buthelezi deserves better than being dismissed as an apartheid stooge. But he deserves little praise as an advocate for human rights and civil liberties.
Minneapolis, a city still split along racial lines.
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Despite its progressive image, Minneapolis is one of the most segregated cities in the United States. That is by design not accident, argues an urban planning scholar.
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There are, scientifically, no human races. How did race come to have this power and this durability?
Alain Proust/Hidden Pretoria
Built by Tamil immigrants almost 100 years ago, the temple has survived apartheid and urban decay to remain at the heart of its community.
Isabel, on left, when she was working for Mangankali Housing Company, talking to politicians and/or bureaucrats on the Wollai, the Aboriginal reserve at Collarenebri.
Family collection, provided to author.
Denied an education in 1930s Australia because she was too black, Isabel Flick went on to fight segregation at her local cinema in the early 1960s. She became a powerful campaigner for Indigenous rights.
Patti Perret - © 2018 Universal Studios
Winner of the 2019 Oscar for best picture, Green Book highlights the history of racism in America and has lessons for today.
Student lie in at the White House to protest gun laws crop.
Lorie Shaull/Wikimedia Commons
Student protests can make a big difference. American students have a long history of protesting. In the wake of the Florida shooting, American students are already making a difference.
A federal housing incentive could have untapped potential.
With some tinkering, a federal tax credit that encourages developers to create new units that low-income Americans can afford to rent might yield other benefits.
Do people use the internet in ways that disadvantage nonwhites?
The physical world is racially segregated as a result of structural racism. A researcher examines whether similar problems exist online.
The Cannon Street All-Stars watch from the stands at the 1955 Little League World Series in Williamsport, Pennsylvania.
1955 Cannon Street All-Stars/Facebook
Charleston’s Cannon Street YMCA All-Stars thought they’d have a chance to compete for a spot in the coveted Little League World Series. But South Carolina’s Little League director had other ideas.