The Nile Basin states are keen to see what kind of deal Ethiopia reaches with Egypt and Sudan.
Hundreds of rivers are shared between two or more countries – this could be a source of cooperation or conflict.
Peace and security in South Sudan depend on a fully functioning, peaceful and democratic government in Khartoum
Sudan’s location and natural resources have attracted international partners keen to benefit either geopolitically or economically.
South Sudan’s diplomatic support around energy and water is much sought after in Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan.
The mega dam in Jinja was meant to give Uganda energy independence, but this was constrained by Britain’s agricultural interests in Egypt.
The project violates colonial-era water rights but promises cheap and clean power to East Africa.
Given the ever increasing importance of coordinated management Ethiopia, Sudan, and Egypt should manage all dams through the Nile Basin Commission.
Despite previous threats by Egypt of military action, a war of over the Nile waters is not a serious possibility.
The flooding has affected water resources, agriculture and food security, health and sanitation, fisheries, and energy and infrastructure.
The Nile Treaties prevent upstream countries from using the waters of the Nile without the consent of those downstream. This results in an Egyptian bias.
Instead of allocating the Nile waters based on a fixed, perpetual water supply Ethiopia, Sudan, and Egypt must consider changes in weather patterns, among other factors.
Lake Victoria’s past is key to understanding its future.
It’s important for the Nile nations to make Ethiopia’s planned dam work for all.
The threat to use force to defend Egypt’s right to water from the Nile has been a common theme through successive governments.
One of the major scenes of a potential water crisis and conflict is the Nile River.
The urgency of an agreement to reasonably and equitably share benefits on the Nile Basin can’t be overstated. It would create a a transparent atmosphere in the countries that depend on the Nile.
Heavy rains, poor and clogged drainage systems have made many towns and cities in Nigeria susceptible to massive flooding.