After colonial contact, indigenous Africans acquired horses and guns, and raided settlers as a means of resistance.
Courtesy Sam Challis
Changes in southern African rock art reflect the mixing of groups of people after they came into contact with each other.
An impressionistic pencil crayon copy of rock paintings produced by the Frobenius expedition to southern Africa.
© Iziko Museums of South Africa
The German ethnographer viewed rock art with a problematic Western gaze, instead of trying to understand the artists’ beliefs.
A replica of the famous Linton Panel.
Courtesy Rock Art Research Institute/Origins Centre
A new exhibition in Johannesburg focuses on the beliefs and paintings of the San people.
An example of the rock art created by young Samburu men.
Photo: Ebbe Westergren
Instead of displaying myths, Samburu rock art reveals real-life stories and is made as a leisure activity.
Chiribiquete National Natural Park and the
Serranía de la Lindosa buffer zone feature many flat-topped mountains known as Tepuyes.
Local communities and national authorities are working to develop sustainable tourism in Colombia’s Chiribiquete National Natural Park, a Unesco World Heritage Site since 2018.
Indigenous Rangers pointing to damaged rock art. Left to right: William Campbell, Meryl Gurruwiwi, Aron Thorn, Marcus Lacey, Djorri Gurruwiwi.
Jarrad Kowlessar/courtesy of Gumurr Marthakal Indigenous Rangers
Cyclones, floods and other climate change-linked events are threatening Indigenous heritage tens of thousands of years old. Unless we act, they’ll be gone for good.
Traditional Owner and co-author Clinton Walker.
City of Karratha
A major fertiliser plant is set to be constructed in the Pilbara, potentially impacting as many as 20 ancient rock art sites.
Josie Maralngurra touching her hand stencil made when she was around 12. In the background are three white barramundi fish figures with red line-work also created by her father Djimongurr.
Photograph by Fiona McKeague, copyright Parks Australia
Australia’s stunning galleries of rock art are vast repositories of knowledge that can teach us much.
Adventurer Francis Birtles in his car with a man identified as Indigenous artist Nayombolmi.
National Library of Australia
One was a celebrity adventurer, the other was a skilled Indigenous artist who painted everything in sight. A new look at old photographs confirms their meeting.
Painting of a raider on horseback (bottom right) with a musket and domestic stock. A ‘rain-animal’ (top right) was likely summoned to wash away the raiders’ tracks.
Courtesy of Sam Challis and Brent Sinclair-Thomson
Runaway slaves joined indigenous Khoe-San people and raided colonial farms. The rock art they left in their hideouts tells a fascinating story.
Indigenous artists have been engraving rock shelters for millennia - long before the Kimberley’s celebrated rock art paintings. Now the rocks’ natural coatings are yielding clues to the engravings’ creation.
Rock paintings from the main gallery at Djulirri in Namunidjbuk clan estate, showing traditional Aboriginal motifs as well as European boats, airplanes, and more.
Photo by Sally K May.
Pictures of boats and ships in rock art at the northwestern tip of Australia show the European incursions from the 1800s — but also the much earlier and lesser known sea trade with southeast Asia.
This Warty Pig is part of a panel dated to more than 45,500 years in age.
Basran Burhan/Griffith University
The ancient cave paintings have only begun to tell us about the lives of the earliest people who lived in Australasia. The art is disappearing just as we are beginning to understand its significance.
December 1972: Billy Miargu, with his daughter Linda on his arm, and his wife Daphnie Baljur. In the background, the newly painted kangaroo.
Photograph by George Chaloupka, now in Parks Australia's Archive at Bowali.
How does rock art matter? New research finds it can act as a kind of intergenerational media –even when no longer visible to the eye.
Detail of the ceiling paintings of the San people in the Drakensberg, South Africa.
Courtesy © Stephen Townley Bassett
The team from Wits University returned to a well-known ceiling panel in the Maloti-Drakensberg mountains, armed with new knowledge about the beliefs of the San people who made the paintings.
The painting of pigs at least 45,500 years ago on a cave wall in Sulawesi may be the earliest figurative rock art ever found.
Te Pokohiwi, or the Wairau Bar, at the top of the South Island: arrival point for some of the first explorers from East Polynesia.
Aotearoa New Zealand is falling behind in world heritage sites. Is it time we lobbied for recognition of our unique cultural history?
Participants in the Wintawari Guruma Rock Art Research Project record rock art near Tom Price in the Pilbara region.
Jo McDonald, CRAR+M Database, Photo reproduced with permission WGAC
Heritage is non-renewable — just like the mineral wealth of this country.
A Maliwawa macropod found in the Namunidjbuk clan estate of the Wellington Range.
More than 500 paintings at 87 rock shelters provide a remarkable glimpse into past Aboriginal life.
This hunting scene, painted 44,000 years ago, is the oldest known work of representational art in the world.
A recent cave art discovery in remote Indonesia is changing our understanding of the beginnings of art and the emergence of religious-like thinking in the early human story.