The court's decision has wider implications for international criminal law.
An estimated 2000 million women have undergone female genital mutilation and millions more are at risk. The practice is carried out mainly for cultural and economic reasons.
Nearly everything known about Ebola virus persistence in the reproductive system has resulted from testing semen of West African Ebola virus disease survivors.
Timing is everything when it comes to making a decision about declaring a disease outbreak a public health emergency of international concern.
Private military and security companies are increasingly being contracted in Africa. But there are big gaps in understanding their impact.