The relative success of the CERB during the pandemic shows the time is finally right for a permanent basic annual income program.
The stories people tell about welfare rarely match up with the stories told by people actually receiving aid.
A loose patchwork of measures and systems has left millions at risk of slipping through the cracks as the pandemic's economic downturn hits.
Bappenas conducted a simulation to predict how COVID-19 will impact poverty in Indonesia. Without intervention, the pandemic will drag at least 3.6 million Indonesians into poverty by the end of 2020.
If the government seeks to reduce its massive deficit by cutting public spending after the pandemic subsides, this will burden the poor and public sector workers, increasing inequality.