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Between 30% and 50% of the population believes in ghosts – literature, philosophy and anthropology can explain why.
Hommage to Samuel Paty: “Thank you Mr. Paty to have taught us history and freedom of expression.”
The horrific death of Samuel Paty, a history and geography teacher, highlights the importance of the work of educators who are, more than ever, on the front lines of the fight for freedom of expression.
Baruch Spinoza, one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy.
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It’s not a case of being afraid of different ideas, more that some people want everyone to think as they do.
Following in the thoughtful footsteps of Descartes and Voltaire.
A natural view of the world appealed to Albert Einstein.
What do you call a democracy that depends on the exclusion of whole groups from political participation?
Democracy today contains within itself impulses towards both inclusion and exclusion. Spinoza’s thinking on aristocracy should alert us to how democratic rule by the people can be hollowed out.