While other superheroes draw on past trauma for strength, super-detective Jessica Jones wryly bares her wounds and questions the whole hero gig.
Female protagonists in young adult fiction are unlikely heroines who embrace their flaws. But when it comes to diversity, they are still largely white and middle class.
The history of children’s books gives us very few really villainous female characters – and most of them are witches or evil queens.
Of all his characters, Sir Walter Scott’s outlaw Rob Roy appealed most to the public and has paved the way for outsider heroes ever since.