Despite environmental education topics in curricula, not all children are aware of the elements that endanger the planet or actively involved in taking care of the environment.
A looming teacher retirement wave means South African universities need to double their annual teacher graduate numbers between now and 2030.
What Kenya should focus on is providing in-service professional development to improve student learning outcomes.
There are significant gaps in what teachers in Ghana know about ozone depletion and climate change, even though these subjects are in the science curriculum.
Colleges of education must have increased resources to improve training. They must also address gender-specific issues such as childcare provision, accommodation and sexual harassment.