It won’t be easy to get the 11 countries in the basin to agree to a plan that avoids chronic water shortages in the future. Good information sharing and technical cooperation are critical.
Khartoum, one of Africa’s largest cities, is both blessed and threatened by the dynamics of the Nile Rivers.
An historical perspective on the politics, dominance and conflicts over the dams on the Nile is useful.
It's important for the Nile nations to make Ethiopia's planned dam work for all.
Many countries in eastern and southern Africa rely on hydropower for electricity generation and there are plans for several more dams.
The leaders of Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan have shown some commitment to sharing the waters of the Nile. But hard negotiations on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam are only beginning.
Ethiopia is a country particularly vulnerable to climate change. It will hope to attract climate finance at CoP21 to help battle the effects of climate change.