A woman receives food aid at a distribution centre in Ethiopia.
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The origins of Ethiopia’s food crisis can be traced to a bitter feud between Eritrean and Tigrayan liberation fighters.
Phone surveys were used to gather data in Ethiopia.
Photo by EDUARDO SOTERAS/AFP via Getty Images
Our work highlights the potential of phone surveys to monitor active and large-scale conflicts.
The Monastery of Abunä Abraham in Ger'alta, eastern Tigray, Ethiopia.
Hagos Abrha Abay
Heritage sites are sources of historical pride, indigenous knowledge and cultural identity.
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We used satellite imagery to track the decline of vegetation since the civil war began.
Tigray’s al-Nejashi Mosque, one of Africa’s oldest Islamic sites, was damaged in December 2020.
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Many of the artefacts Ethiopia is famous for are found in Tigray. Their continued destruction could lead to irreversible culture shock and social collapse.
Some of the ancient manuscripts Jihadists burnt in Timbuktu in 2013 during civil conflict in Mali.
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Protecting the continent’s historical artefacts requires political will from governments – and a reawakening of cultural conscience among Africans.
Ethiopian refugees fleeing the Tigray region.
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Mental health problems are major indirect consequences of armed conflicts and can have short-term and long-term effects on people.
People receiving medical treatment at the entrance hall of Ayder Referral Hospital in Mekele, the capital of Tigray region, Ethiopia.
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Unless special attention is given to conflict and HIV the war will undermine the achievement of the 2030 goals to end AIDS, discrimination, and new infections.
Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki (L) and Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed at an event in Ethiopia in 2018.
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The war in Tigray appears to have boosted Eritrea’s efforts at regional pre-eminence. But it could backfire.
World Health Organisation Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
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Humanitarians are stuck in a dilemma: challenging practices that cause suffering could risk access to the vulnerable people they serve.
Ethiopian Orthodox pilgrims at Lalibela, Ethiopia.
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Ethiopia’s main religions need to take an emotional distance from politics and find a neutral space so they can get moral clarity.
Where will an end to the conflict come from?
Unless the blockade by Ethiopia is lifted, Tigray will be in a very bad famine situation.
Internally displaced people in Tigray in April 2021.
Plus, why reusable food containers aren’t always better for the environment than disposable ones. Listen to The Conversation Weekly.
A nurse moves scrap from a damaged part of the Wukro General Hospital which was shelled, in Wukro, north of Mekele, on February 28, 2021.
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The rate and scale of the destruction of Tigray’s healthcare system is severe.
People who fled the war in Tigray gather around in a temporarily built internally displaced people.
Amanuel Sileshi/AFP via Getty Images
The biggest challenge to the health system is the war in Tigray and other insecurity all over the country. Conflict has made COVID-19 prevention and vaccination efforts impossible in many areas.
In north Ethiopia, farmers commonly use an ox-drawn single-tined plough called mahrasha.
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Due to warfare, ploughing and planting was not timely in Tigray. This may lead to a second year with failed crops.
Humanitarian agencies are often thrust into the heart of contentious crises without easy or quick solutions.
The Houthis accused the WFP of giving out expired food assistance. The UN agency delivers monthly rations or money to 10.2 million people of Yemen's 26-million population. EPA-EFE/YAHYA ARHAB
When humanitarian agencies are obliged to stop operations by political decision or because of huge physical insecurity, the poorest and most vulnerable succumb first through starvation and disease.
Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed arrives to cast his vote during the country’s parliamentary elections in Beshasha, Oromia, in June.
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Instead of fanning the flames, the West needs to be even-handed in bringing the warring sides to the table.
Participants and staff of MSF (Medecins Sans Frontieres) hold lights during a commemoration for victims of attacks.
EPA/SALVATORE DI NOLFI
Every aid worker lost in the crossfire of a conflict is a tragedy; when they are deliberately targeted, it is an outrage.