Labour migrants from other provinces into Gauteng and the Western Cape are more likely to be employed than the two provinces' permanent residents.
The stalemate in Tshwane is a manifestation of coalition arrangements that serve the partisan interests of parties, to the detriment of citizens.
Political mistrust is high as the country looks to the next municipal elections in 2021.
Successful coalition governance ultimately depends on political maturity and the ability to govern across divisions.
The country's national interest and human rights remain the two topics bedevilling South Africa's foreign policy.
All signs point to the Democratic Alliance being in deep turmoil which will affect its strength as South Africa's official opposition.
Despite its endurance, the Democratic Alliance still hasn't found a firm foothold to grow the votes in South Africa's changing political landscape.
The election will not change the government, but may change the balance of power between the two factions of the governing ANC, led by Cyril Ramaphosa and Jacob Zuma.
The current crisis in British politics is significant for countries like South Africa where a change in electoral systems is needed.
South African parties are recognising that coalition politics is now part of the political landscape and is here to stay.
South Africa needs to review its approach to rolling out Bus Rapid Transit systems as the current model is proving to be too expensive and unsustainable.
Are different ways of governing emerging from South Africa's cities governed by opposition coalitions?
South Africa's watershed local elections have resulted in upsets for the ANC in key metropoles. But will the new, minority coalition regimes live up to their mandate of providing basic services?
The ANC has faced an inexorable, gradual decline in support since 2004. There is no evidence that it has been able to reverse this trend.
The opposition Democratic Alliance is hopeful that the African National Congress will fail to win a majority in three metros. This will open the door for it to rule in coalition with smaller parties.
In previous elections speculation in South Africa focused on the likely size of the ruling ANC's majority. This time the question on people's minds is: will the ANC win or lose Nelson Mandela Bay?
The past decade has shown a strong connection between political protests and the looting of foreign-owned shops in South Africa. Research shows that local leaders use protests to maintain their power.
Some of the factors behind the riots by ANC supporters in Tshwane are not new. They include gripes within the governing party about its process for choosing mayors and divisions over Jacob Zuma.
The increase in rioting ahead of municipal elections in South Africa, such as that in Pretoria, suggests that the country's general election in 2019 could be more violent than previous elections.