Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny, gravely ill from a suspected poisoning, brought a new type of opposition to Russia in tune with popular concerns and aimed at finding common ground.
Results of a nationwide poll showed 78% of voters backed changes to Russia's constitution.
The Moscow elections of September 2019 were a referendum on President Vladimir Putin's ruling party. And the opposition's success suggests a looming political crisis for Putin and his regime.
United Russia lost a third of its seats in the Moscow Duma – what does this mean for Vladimir Putin?