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Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Berlin. Victoria Nesfield

Holocaust Memorial Day: what happened to ‘Never Again’?

In late January 1945, Hungarian teenager Bart Stern hid in a pile of bodies to avoid being killed by the Nazis at Auschwitz. He survived, but not one of his friends escaped. Soon afterwards, the Red Army…
World War I Christmas Truce Commemoration match – but it’s debated whether the original ever happened. Mike Egerton/PA Wire

It was German soldiers who made first move in the Christmas Truce

The Christmas Truce is no stranger to popular entertainment – this year more than any other as its 100th anniversary is marked. The famous moment when British and German soldiers climbed out of the trenches…
The shocking brutality of the first world war has had ongoing consequences. Archives New Zealand

Did ‘high ideals’ survive the first world war?

US philosopher William H.F. Altman will deliver the keynote address at Crisis and Reconfigurations: 100 years of European Thought Since 1914, a conference hosted by the European Philosophy and the History…
Percy Wyndham Lewis, A Battery Shelled (1919). ©IWM ART 2747

World War I and the loss of artistic innocence

What the conflict would mean for British art was much debated in World War I – the question was already being asked in journals and newspaper reviews in the latter part of 1914. At the beginning debate…
Yes…but is it war? Inspecting weapons seized in east Ukraine. EPA/Tatyana Zenkovich

Explainer: when does a conflict become a war?

Is the conflict in Ukraine a war? This question has been raised in recent reports about a Russian invasion in Ukraine on the Caspian Sea. The USA and other NATO powers call it an “incursion”; the Baltic…
August 1914: London volunteers await their pay at St. Martin-in-the-Fields.

‘Your country needs you’: why did so many volunteer in 1914?

On the first day of the war in 1914, British newspapers published appeals for young men to join the colours, and to fight against Germany. Following the advice of the new Secretary for War, Lord Kitchener…
Driving ambulances in Belgium: better than knitting at home. www.gwpda.org/photos

Women volunteers: first to the war zone in 1914

The volunteer is at the heart of British perceptions of the World War I. We are all familiar with images of young men leaving home, standing in long queues at recruiting stations, and being examined by…

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